The 27th National Conference was held in Melbourne - one of the "World's Most Liveable Cities”, from the 12 - 17 October 2010. The program showcased how resilient archives and archivists can be when grappling with ever increasing quantities and variant forms of records, questions surrounding professional principles, practical methodologies, and the provision of access to archival collections continue to engage our attention. The conference examined generational change in archives and the wider social context and considered how the archives profession might respond to challenges and opportunities on offer. It explored how archivists and archives services could achieve sufficient flexibility and resilience to thrive in the future, and examined implications of changes to traditional understandings of what an archive is and does. Measuring the worth of archives and their contribution to social capital was also a major theme.